Deforestation has been identified as a major factor contributing to global warming….the most pressing challenge the world faces this century.
Through writing my blog I have come to realise what an important role trees have played through the centuries…
For building our homes
For generating warmth
For building ships
For the creation of great artwork
Now it has emerged that trees play a crucial role in regulating our climate.
Deforestation……the extermination of trees for personal and state gain ……is endangering life, as we know it, on this wonderful planet of ours.
So What Are The Reasons For Deforestation?
Logging Forests cover over 30% of the earth’s surface, but deforestation is increasing at an alarming rate. About one billion acres of forest have been cut down in the past 20 years for a wide variety of reasons…..to rear cattle, to grow soya, to harvest timber for building materials………
Wildfires Forests have been consumed by wildfires in many areas of the world…..Australia, The West Coast of the United States, Greece, South America……
Overgrazing Overgrazing by cattle prevents young trees from becoming established
Why does it matter to lose all these trees?
Not only do trees absorb the carbon dioxide created by humans and animals, but also the gases emitted through burning coal and other industrial activities.
Devastating flooding of our countryside and cities, which is caused by unprecedented rainfall and coastal flooding, due to a rise in sea levels, is attributed to climate change.
An apocalyptic situation could arise if global temperatures get out of control, This scenario could occur if insufficient trees are planted to absorb carbon dioxide.
80% of the earth’s animals, birds. insects and plants live in forests. Animals like the Sumatran Tiger and the orangutan face extinction.
The first famine, solely caused by climate change, has recently been declared in Madagascar.
The people living in sub-Saharan Africa have endured many years of drought resulting in crop failures.
So How Can We Help To Avert This Catastrophe?
You may think that whatever you decide to do pales into insignificance when faced with these enormous problems. However if 50% of householders planted a tree, that’s a great many trees.
So how do you go about planting a tree?
What you will need……
Tree stake (approx 60cm to 90cm long)
Rotted garden compost
Types of tree to plant
Don’t choose a variety which normally grows in a forest….it will become far too big.
Ornamental trees like Sorbus, Malus. Japanese Maple, Prunus and Amelanchier are all suitable for a small garden. Try to find a fully grown tree, or at least a photo of your choice. This will give you an idea of the eventual size and shape of the tree.
A weeping form of tree will not grow as tall as the standard form and columnar trees. such as Prunus Amanogawa, have far less spread.
Planting Your Tree
Dig a hole which will easily accommodate the roots. The depth of the hole should enable the tree to be planted to the same depth as it is growing in the pot.
Fork over the base of the hole and apply a dressing of fertiliser. With a friend holding the tree, drive the stake in. It should be angled at 45 degrees with the top facing the prevailing wind.
Mix some soil with garden compost and backfill around the roots. Firm the soil with your foot and water liberally whatever the weather conditions.
Install a tie. Ensure the spacer is located between the stake and trunk to prevent the trunk from rubbing on the stake.
The best time to plant your tree is the autumn, as it can settle in and establish its roots before the growing season starts in the spring.
Here are some suggestions for the types of ornamental trees you could plant.
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