Wood Crafts A to Z ………Part 2……M to Z

Here is the remainder of my Wood Crafts Alphabet from M to Z

M……..Marquetry

In Europe wood veneers were being used to decorate church furniture

Marquetry Table

Andre-Charles Boulle

and panels in Italy from the 11th Century, with particularly fine examples being created in Sienna and Sorrento.

In France marquetry became extremely popular during the reign of Louis X1V (1643-1715), where Andre-Charles Boulle, a master craftsman, worked in the royal workshops. He used a variety of materials…..brass, silver, tortoise shell, pewter, ebony….to create exquisite craftwork.

Companion post  Marquetry – A Medieval Woodworking Craft


N……….Natural WoodLady

One of the most attractive characteristics of wood is the huge range of natural finishes that wood offers.

Different colours and grains have been used by furniture makers and craftsmen to create beautiful marquetry and intarsia artwork.

There are three different types of grains…….curly, flat, and straight..

Each year a new growth ring is added to the trunk of a tree.

Burr Walnut

Victorian Whatnot sellingantiques.co,uk

These annual rings are sawn through when lengths of timber are being prepared, which reveals the grain of the wood.

The  nature of the grain depends on the way in which the tree is sawn.

One of the most sought after figured woods is burr walnut, which has been used for the shelves on this Victorian Corner Whatnot.

Companion post Marquetry – A Medieval Woodworking Craft


O………OilTeak oil

Wood oils are used to finish and protect wooden furniture, whilst enhancing the grain.

The oil is micro-porous, which enables it to penetrate the pores of the wood. The oil dries in the surface grain to provide a durable, weather resistant surface.

Teak oil is ideal for use on hard woods and garden furniture, and will refresh wood that has become dry from exposure to sunlight.

Companion post    Drill Bits, Glue and Sandpaper

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P…….PyrographyPyrography

The word pyrography derives from the Greek meaning ‘writing with fire’.

You can create beautifully intricate designs on your woodworking projects using this method.

A professional grade pyrography kit costs around £110 and there are many free stencils available online.

Take a look at this stunning, time lapse, video of a Mandala design created by Brenda Wilkie with thanks to Woodworking Edge

If you want to learn more about pyrography take a look at Wood Burning For Beginners  or read this article

Companion post 6 Ways To Increase Sales Of Your Woodworking Products


Q……….??????


R……….Routers

Routers can be divided into two categories: fixed base and plunge Router 1base. On a fixed base router, once the bit is in and the base is locked, the bit is in a ‘fixed’ position, meaning its depth is set and will stay set.

On a plunge base router, the bit can be locked in the router, then plunged in and out of the material.

A router is used to give a piece of wood a particular shape, so it can be joined to another piece of wood. For example you can make tongue and groove or mortise and tenon joints using a router.

Companion post The Characteristics Of 7 Woodworking Joints

S……..Scroll Sawing

There are two things you will need before you can start scroll DeWalt scroll sawsawing…..a scroll saw and patterns.

Your scroll saw should have an inbuilt light, dust collector and have a variable speed control as standard. Make sure you can use flat end blades.

You can source your patterns in three ways…..buy a pattern book, search for free patterns on Pinterest or design them yourself.

Launch your career by viewing ’10 Fun Scroll Saw Woodworking Projects’ by Steve Carmichael.


T……..Treen

Treen

Victorian Fruitwood Salt Box

The literal definition of Treen is “of a tree” and refers to small handmade functional household objects which are made of wood.

Tonbridge ware was especially popular in the 19th century for needle cases and similar accessories and was imitated extensively.

Other examples of collectable treen are 19th Century wooden boxes, turned bowls, salt and pepper pots, needle cases, egg cups and tea caddies.

Companion post    Woodturning – An Introduction


U……….Undercoat

Many projects need protecting either with varnish or paint. Two or Paint 2three layers of paint are normally required before applying the top coat……a primer, a sealer and an undercoat.

  • a primer, which is applied to bare wood, provides adhesion for subsequent coats.

  • a sealer makes the surface non-porous

  • an undercoat fills any minor imperfections, thus providing a smooth, even surface for the top coat.

Companion post   Drill Bits, Glues and Sandpaper

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V………Veneers

Wood Veneers are used for two historic wood crafts, marquetry and Captureintarsia, which I have discussed in previous posts.

There are many reasons why figuring is found in different woods. The most common ‘blemishes’ are shakes, spalts, burrs and curls.

  • Shakes – cracks that develop in living trees, particularly chestnut

  • Spalts – caused by partial decay in beech and American maple

  • Burrs – occurs where the tree sends out numerous dormant buds

  • Curls – point where the main stem divides evenly into two branches

To learn more about figuring in different woods visit this site

Companion post    Intarsia – An Introduction


W………Whittling

All you need to take up this absorbing hobby is a knife and a piece of Beeswood.

Wood…. to begin with choose a straight grained wood, such as basswood or balsa. Just make sure it has no knots.

Knife….. traditionally whittlers used pocket knives, but nowadays you can purchase speciality whittling knives. Whatever you choose make sure it’s sharp.

Visit Pinterest to find inspiration for your whittling projects.

 

X, Y, Z………..any ideas?

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